Part II Reading Comprehension(35 minutes)
Directions:There are four reading passages in this part.Each passage is followed by some questions.For each question there are four suggested answers marked A),B),C) and D).You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage:
Thousands of years ago man used handy rocks for his surgical operations.Later he used sharp bone or horn,metal knives and more recently,rubber and plastic.And that was where we stuck,in surgical instrument terms,for many years.In the 1960s a new tool was developed, one which was,first of all,to be of great practical use to the armed forces and industry,but which was also,in time,to revolutionize the art and science of surgery.
The tool is the lser and it is being used by more and more surgeons all over the world,for a very large number of different complains.The word laser means:Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Light.As we all know,light is hot;any source of light--from the sun itself down to a humble match burning--will give warmth.But light is usually spread out over a wide area.The light in a laser beam,however, is concentrated.This means that a light with no more power than that produced by an ordinary electric light bulb becomes intensely strong as it is concentrated to a pinpoint-sized beam.
Experiments with these pinpoint beams showed researchers that different energy sources produce beams that have a particular effect on certain living cells.It is now possible for eye surgeons to operate on the back of the human eye without harming the front of the eye,simply by passing a laserr beam right through the eyeball.No knives,no stitches(刀口缝合),no unwanted damage--a true surgical wonder.
Operations which once left patients exhausted and in need of long periods of recovery time now leave them feeling relaxed and comfortable,So much more difficult operations can now be tried.
The rapid development of laser techniques in the past ten years has made it clear that the future is likely to be very exciting.Perhaps some cancers will be treated with laser in a way that makes surgery not only safer but more effective.Altogether,tomorrow may see more and more information coming to light on the deseases which can be treated medically.
It can be inferred that the rapid development of laser techniques has meant that _____ .
A)we shall soon be able to cure cancer
B)surgery is likely to improve considerably
C)we shall be able to treat all our diseases
D)we are now able to treat most forms of cancer
The laser is so strong because _____ .
A)its heat is increased by the heat of the sun
B)it is composed of a concentrated beam of light
C)it can be plugged into an ordinary light fitting
D)it sands out heat in many different directions
After the development of the laser in the 1960s.we find that _____ .
A)medical help became available for industrial workers.
B)the study of art went through a complete revolution.
C)man's whole approach to surgery changed completely.
D)more and more surgeons began using surgical instruments.
Surgeons can now carry out operations which _____ .
A)cause very little damage to the patients themselves
B)can be performed successfully only on the human eye
C)cause long periods of recovery time for patients
D)are made much more complicated by using the laser beam
Up until the 1960s the instrments used to perform surgical operations were
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage:
One of the most authoritative voices speaking to us today is, of course, the voice of the advertisers. Its shrilling clamour dominates our lives. It shouts at us from the television screens and the radio loudspeakers; waves to us from every page of the newspaper; plucks at our sleeves on the escalator; signals to us from the road-side billboards all day and flashes messages to us in colouredlights at night. It has forced on us a whole new conception of the successful man as a man no less than 20% of whose mail consists of announcements of giant carpet sales.
Advising has been among England's biggest growth industries since the war, in terms of the ratio of money earnings to demonstrate achievement. Why all this fantistic expenditure?
Perhaps the answer is that advising saves the manufacturers from having to think about the customer. At the stage of designing and developing a product, there is quite enough to think about without worrying over whether anybody will want to buy it. The designer is busy enough without adding customer-appeal to all his other problems of man-hours and machine tolerances and stress factors. So they just go ahead and make the thing and leave it to the advertiser to find eleven ways of making it appeal to purchasers after they finished it, by pretending that it gives status, or attracts love, or signifies manliness. If the advertising agency can do this authoritatively enough, the manufacturer is in clover(养尊处优).
Other manufacturers find advertising saves them from changing their product. And manufacturers hate change. The ideal product is or another, some alteration seems called for -- how much better to change the image, the packet or the pitch made by the product, rather than go to all the inconvenience of changing the product itself.
According to the passage modern advertising is "authoritative" because of the way it _____ .
A)influences our image of the kind of person we ought to be like
B)interferes with the privacy of home life
C)continually forces us into buying things
D)distracts us no matter where we travel
The forms of advertising mentioned in paragraph 1 would have least impact _____ .
A)in the rush hours
B)during working hours
C)befoer working hours
D)after working hours
The form of advertising which has best succeeded in giving personal status on the individual makes use of _____ .
A)colored lights of all night
C)the postal service
D)the wall space beside escalators
Advertisers are appreciated by manufacturers because they _____ .
A)advise them on ways of giving a product customer-appeal
B)accept responsibility for giving a product customer-appeal
C)advise them on the best time to go ahead with production
D)consult them during the design and development stages
According to the passage customers are attracted to a product because it appears to _____ .
A)have a sufficiently attractive design
B)offer good value for money
C)fulfil the manufacturer's claims
D)satisfy their personal needs
Questions 31 to 34 are based on the following passage:
"Shrove Tuesday" is the day before the beginning of Lent(大斋期), the 40-day period before Easter in the Christian year.It is celebrated in many different ways all over the world, but in England it is traditionally associated with the cooking and eating of pancakes(薄煎饼) --- so much so that it is often called "Pancake Day".
At Olney, a small town in England, Shrove Tuesday is Pancake Race Day. The race is said to have first been run where in 1445 and has continued more or less ever since with occasional interruptions as, for example, during the Second World War.
It is a race for woman only. They must be housewives and live in the area. They have to cook a pancake and run about 400 metres from the village square to the church, tossing their pancake three times as they run. They have to wear aprons and cover their heads with a hat or scarf. A bell rings twice for the women to start makeing their pancakes and then again for them to assemble in the square, carrying their cooked pancakes in a frying pan. There they wait for the bell to ring again and the race starts. Sometimes one of the pancakes drops on the ground, but the runner is allowed to pick it up and toss it again. The winner and the runner-up both get a prize from the vicar(牧师) who is waiting at the church door. The verger(教堂的司事) who helps to look after the church, gets a kiss from the winner --- and often has pancake as well. Then all the runners take their frying pans with the pancakes into the church and a short service is held.
The pancake race, with the women frying along, tossing and trying to catch their pancakes, provides a great deal of entertainment and is frequently shown on television. In 1950, a similar pancake racewas organized in Kansas, USA,and has continued ever since. It takes place on the same day, at exactly the same time. Times are clocked on both sides of the Atlantic and there is keen competition to see whether the British or American housewives run fastest.
It is believed that the pancake race _____ .
A)has been held every year since 1445
B)dates back to the 15th century
C)originated in the 14th century
D)started after the Second World war
The race is only open to women who _____ .
A)are staying in the area
B)got married in Olney
C)maintain a home in the district
D)were born in Olney
During the race, the competitors have to _____ .
A)jump three times and catch a pancake
B)toss the pancakes to each other
C)throw some pancakes into a frying pan
D)throw and catch their pancakes
According to the rules, the women must _____ .
A)hide their faces under a hat
B)cover part of their clothes
C)put an apron round their head
D)cover their faces with a scarf
When the race is over, all the runners _____ .
A)are presented with prayer books
B)serve pancakes in the church
C)conduct a service
D)take part in a ceremony
Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage:
A new law has recently been announced which forbids people to disturb, annoy, harm, kill or interfere wiht any bats which choose to take up residence in their houses. The penalty for disturbing a bat on its roost (栖息处), or for handling one without a licence, is now ￡1,000 a bat.
There some people like bats. The late Mrs Ian Fleming was one. She would crawl for miles to glimpse the in caves or hanging from trees. Similarly, there are many people who do not like bats much but are not particularly troubled by them. The chance of a bat roosting in their attics or spare bedroom curtains may seem remote to them. But there are others who do not fall into either of these categories and Mr Auberon Waugh is one. Underneath his house are eight large cellars which for some reason bats have chosen to claim for themselves. He findsit extremely disagreeable to have to flight has way through a colony of them everytime he wants a bottle of wine. And as a wine-lover he gets a particular pleasure from the ownership of wine, which has nothing to do with drinking it. He has certain bottles in his cellar which he thinks are too good to serve to anyone he knows, but he likes to go down and gloat over (贪婪地盯着) them occasionally. The bats entirely destroy this pleasure.
Until the recent law, he could keep the bat problem within manageable proportions by sending his children down on a bat hunt every three months armed with tennis rackets. They usually managed to kill one or two and discouraged the rest from settling. But now, Mr Waugh fears that the bats will take over his house. To solve the problem he enquired what course of action he could take and was told by Dr Robert Stebbings of the Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, "I am sure that no one will mind if you pick up a bat and take it outside and hang it on a tree or the outside of the house." The trouble with this, as Mr Waugh explains, is that he would be liable for a ￡1,000 fine if he had not already applied to the Nature Conservancy Council for a licence to handle bats. And there is no certainty that he would automatically be granted one.
According to the passage, the new law _____ .
A)allows you to handle bats without a licence
B)fines you for interfering with bats
C)forbids you to have bats in your house
D)allows you to kill bats with a licence
Some people who dislike bats _____ .
A)do not mind them hanging in trees
B)run the risk of finding them in their attics
C)think it strange they should roost in the certains
D)think they are unlikely to be bothered by the bats
Mr Waugh thinks that bats _____ .
A)should be kept under control
B)should all be destroyed
C)interfere with his wine
D)prevent him owning wine
Because he is a wine-lover, Mr Waugh _____ .
A)only wants to own the best wines
B)storesonly good wines
C)keeps centain good wines
D)refuses to drink good wines
Success in removeing bats from your house depends on _____ .
A)seeking help from the Institute of Terrestrial Ecology
B)the granting of Nature Conservancy Council licence
C)taking the course of action recommended by Dr Stebbings
D)applying for a licence from the Nature Conservancy Council
Part III Vocabulary and Structure(20 minutes)
Direction:There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part.For each sentence there are four choices marked A),B),C) and D).Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence.Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
The _____ from the gate to the cottage was overgrown with weeds.
Hisdramatic change in opinion was _____ by the unspeakable wrong done to him.
We _____ that you knew the whole matter.
A)thought it for sure
B)regarded it for sure
C)took it for certainty
D)took it for granted
A line segment, which is part of a straight line, begins at one point _____ at another.
C)the end is
He has just been _____ to Senior Clerk.
Although Nina Putnam wrote stories and poems as a child, _____ she was 23.
A)her first real success did not come until
B)her real first successes came until not
C)since her first real success did not come until
D)not until her first real success
Paul Black is _____ as Labour MP for Brightford in the next election.
My boss insists on seeing everything in _____ before he makes a decision.
A)red white and blue
B)green and yellow
C)black and white
D)black and blue
Belva Lockwood taught school for many years and became a lawyer in 1873 _____ of 43.
C)at the age
D)she was at the age
How _____ is from here to the city center?
I don't understand why people put _____ with the bad service in this hotel.
Rich tobacco and champions race horses have _____ of Kentucky
A)long been symbols
B)been long symbols
C)symbols been long
D)long symbols been
Do you think there's any _____ of him passing the exam?
Our school doesn't break _____ until the end of July.
The name Nebraska comes from the Oto Indian word "nebrathka", _____ flat water.
After five hours at the operation table, the surgeon was beginning to feel the _____ .
Do _____ if you come to London.
A)look me up
B)find me out
C)take me up
D)show me up
_____ their nests well, but also build them well.
A)Not only brown thrashers (嘲鸦) protect
B)Protect not only brown thrashers
C)Brown thrashers not only protect
D)Not only protect brown thrashers
Dr. Welson's wealth enabled him to _____ his passionate interest in art.
To _____ the truth, I don't really understand computers.
The behaviour of gases is explained by _____ the kinetic theory (运动论).
A)what scientists call
B)what do scientists call
C)scientists they call
D)scientists call it
I had to have two _____ when I went to the dentist last week.
Mrs Jones has offered a _____ for the return of her lost cat.
Vitamin c.,discovered in 1932, _____ first vitamin for which the molecular structure was established.
I phoned him this morning, but when I said who I was he _____ .
The scientific study of caves --- speleology --- is a _____ science based on geology, hydrology, biology and archaeology.
Today's libraries differ greatly from _____ .
B)those of the past
C)that are past
You'll find his number in the telephone _____ .
Microfilm can hold a large _____ of information in a very small storage space because the image is stored in reduced form.
Tungsten, a grey metal with the _____ , is used to form the wires in electric light bulbs.
A)point at which it melts is the highest of any metal
B)melting point is the highest of any metal
C)highest melting point of any metal
D)metal's highest melting point of any
Part IV Erroe Correction(15 minutes)[Answer]
Directions:This consists of a short passage.In this passage,there are altogether 10 mistakes,one in each numbered line.You may have to add a word,cross out a word,or change a word.Mark out the mistakes and put the corrections in the blanks provided.If you cross out a word,put a slash (/) in the blank.
Have you heard of the women's liberation movement? It began
in the 1960s. It was started by women who were concerning over 71.__________
their identity, their role in society, their work and the view
of women that many people hold. Now many Amerian women are deeply 72.__________
concerned over these problems. They would like better and inter- 73.__________
esting lives for all women everywhere.
There are much aspects of the movement. Some women agree with 74.__________
all of the goal of women's liberation. They want full equality 75.__________
with men in every aspect of life. In marriage, they want husbands
and wives to share with all of the work and responsibilities of 76.__________
a home and family. In work, they ask women and men to have the 77.__________
some jobs and same chance to succeed. They want women be paid just 78.__________
as much as men are paid for the same work. Other women agree with
any of the ideas of the movement. They want the same pay if they 79.__________
hold the same job as a man. At home, moreover, they do not expect 80.__________
their husbands to share in the cleaning, cooking, and other house-
part V Writing (30 minutes)[Sample]
Directions:For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic DECORATION AT HOME. Your composition should be no less than 120 words. You must base your composition on the following instruction (giving in Chinese):